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Biden and Zelensky sign a bilateral security agreement at the G7 summit

The American president, Joe Bidenand his Ukrainian counterpart, Volodymyr Zelenskysigned this Thursday on the sidelines of the G7 summit a bilateral security agreement with a validity of 10 years that seeks to send a signal of strong support to Ukraine, although it could be undone by future North American leaders.

The two leaders affixed their signatures to the text of the agreement in front of the media, on a blue lectern stamped with the flags of USA and Ukraineand at the end they shook hands.

“President Zelensky and I have just signed the agreement between the United States and Ukraine. Our goal is strengthen Ukraine’s credible long-term defense and deterrence capabilities“Biden announced in a press conference with his Ukrainian counterpart.

Zelensky began his appearance by thanking him for an agreement that, he considered, makes Tie between kyiv and Washington “stronger” and, furthermore, he saw it as a bridge so that kyiv can join NATO in the future.

“The agreement states that the United States supports Ukraine’s future membership in NATO and recognizes that our security agreement serves as bridge for Ukraine’s accession to the Alliance“Zelensky said.

Biden, however, has made it clear on numerous occasions that opposes kyiv joining NATO as long as the war continues.

Consultations within 24 hours after an attack

The text of the pact, to which EFE has had access, Commits US to hold high-level consultations with kyiv within 24 hours if Ukraine is attacked again in the future to “determine next steps and additional defense needs.”

However, the agreement makes no new commitments on Ukraine’s NATO membership prospects nor does it offer guarantees similar to Article 5 of the Alliance’s founding treaty, which establishes that an attack on one member is an aggression against the entire organization.

In this way, the pact does not oblige Washington to send troops to defend Ukraine if it is attacked, something that has been a Biden’s red line in support for that country.

Nor is it specified a concrete dollar figure in Washington’s support for Ukrainebut the American commitment is expressed to supply more modern weapons, as well as to continue training and equipping Ukrainian forces in the handling of weapons.

Share intelligence

Some of the highlights are the commitment of share more intelligence than currently and improve the capabilities of Ukrainian forces to operate according to the standards set by NATO, not only at the operational level, but also in terms of transparency and accountability.

It also expresses Washington’s commitment to helping kyiv improve a long-term “deterrence” capacity in different areassuch as air, sea and cyberspace, with the aim of preventing any future attacks.

Likewise, the United States is committed to helping Ukraine develop its own military industry capable of producing its own weapons.

The idea of ​​offering certain security guarantees to Ukraine with bilateral agreements arose during the G7 meeting at the NATO summit held in July last year in Lithuania, to compensate for the Alliance’s refusal to offer kyiv a concrete accession schedule.

Many non-G7 countries have since joined the initiative and signed pacts of this type with Ukraine, committing to continue supporting it for the next ten years.

Hours before Biden and Zelensky’s announcement, Japan signed a similar agreement with Ukraineso now all G7 members have signed agreements of this type with kyiv.

Could be abolished by Trump

The agreement announced this Thursday does not reach the status of a treaty, something that would require the approval of the US Senate to be approved, so not necessarily binding on future presidents.

The ex-president donald trump (2017-2021), who will face Biden in the November elections, has not explicitly said whether he will continue to support Ukraine if he returns to the White House and has only stated that he will negotiate a quick end to the war with Russia without explaining how.

He has also urged European countries to contribute more to their own defense and said that would allow Russia to “do whatever it wants”even attacking NATO members, if Alliance members do not increase their defense funding.

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